A 2003 study by the Indian Industry Association concluded that there was much room for improvement in India`s energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product), which is high compared to other countries, and called for enhanced cooperation with the United States in this area. It is estimated that the Indian industry could save up to 20-30% of its total energy consumption and that energy-saving programs would save nearly 30,000 megawatts, more than the total capacity expected by 2020.  This would also be less costly than the construction of new production capacity, particularly additional nuclear capabilities. This study also found that in the 1999 Indo-U.S. In the joint declaration on cooperation in the field of energy and related environmental aspects, India set a target of achieving 10% of renewable energy by 2012 and 15% by 2008, and asked for US assistance in achieving these goals. They expressed the BJP`s objections to the provisions of the agreement and stated that, given that each party is required to implement the agreement in accordance with its national laws and regulations, there is no doubt that India would be subject to the provisions of the Hyde Act 2006 and the US Atomic Energy Act of 1954. However, there have been other conflicting reports on China`s attitude. The Hindu said that while China had expressed its desire to include stricter language in the final draft, it had informed India of its intention to support the agreement.  In an interview with the Hindustan Times, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Hu Zhengyue said that “China understands the need for India`s civil nuclear energy and the international cooperation related to it.”  Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi told India`s CNN-IBN: “We did nothing to block it [to the agreement]. We have played a constructive role.
We have also adopted a positive and responsible attitude and a security agreement has been reached, so that the facts speak louder… as some reports.”  At a press conference in New Delhi, Yang added: “The policy was defined much earlier. When a consensus was reached, China had already made it clear that we had no problem with the NSG statement.  Yang stressed the importance of Sino-Indian relations and said, “Let`s work together [India and China] to go beyond doubt, to establish a stronger relationship between us.”  On 9 July 2008, India formally submitted the safeguard agreement to the IAEA.  This development occurred after the return of the 34th G8 Summit in Hokkaido, Japan, where he met with US President George W. Bush.  On 19 June 2008, the media reported that Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh had threatened to resign if the Left Front, whose support was crucial for the ruling Progressive Alliance to prove its majority in the Indian Parliament, continued to oppose the nuclear deal, describing its position as irrational and reactionallyant.  According to The Hindu, Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee said in his previous statement: “I cannot engage the government if we lose our majority” implying that the government of the Unified Progressive Alliance would not sign an agreement with the IAEA if it lost its majority in a “motion of censure initiated by the opposition”, or if it did not come to a vote of confidence in the Indian Parliament. after the president asked him to prove his majority.